While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Read more. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. Spartacus was responsible for one of history's most daring rebellions, the Third Servile War. Little is known about this fighting enslaved man from Thrace beyond his role in the spectacular revolt that became known as the Third Servile War (73–71 BCE). He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim. This man’s name was Spartacus. Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. He plundered most of Italy before being defeated and killed in a pitched battle. He was a Thracian who joined the Roman army as a young man. He deserted the army, was outlawed, captured, sold into slavery, and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua. (Other sources: 111 BCE, although I don’t know where they get it from). We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text). Roman slave and gladiator, and leader of a famous slave revolt. This meant that the 5,000 men were split into 50 groups of 10, and essentially drew straws. Like most deserters, he was caught. Spartacus was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Romans. As Spartacus, played by Kirk Douglas, stands up to say, "I'm Spartacus," his best friend Antoninus (Tony Curtis) jumps up, along with dozens of others, all exclaiming, "I'm Spartacus… Spartacus was just one of the many who made the trek into Italy Spartacus, American epic adventure film, released in 1960, that recounts the story of a historical slave uprising (73–71 bce) against Rome. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. Douglas played the title character. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. He was sent to a gladiator school where he constantly trained to fight. Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. The Spartacus Educational website provides a series of free history encyclopaedias. Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. The Spartacus acting legend, who had been in good health since suffering a stroke in 1996, is survived by his wife of 65 years, Anne, and his sons Michael, Joel, and … His first attempt was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus' orders. He joined the Roman legion when he was a teenager, but he really didn't like life in the legion, so he deserted. That's all we really know about him. His forces struck blow after blow against Rome and wreaked havoc on the countryside for two years. He and his army ignited a slave revolt that threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core. A Thracian by birth, Spartacus served in the Roman army, perhaps deserted, led bandit raids, and was caught and sold as a slave. 71 BC) was a gladiator of Thracian origin, lived in the Roman Republic and was the leader of the most famous slave revolt in Ancient Rome, known as " Third Servile War "," Slave War "or" Gladiator War ".Spartacus led, during the revolt, a rebel army that had almost 40,000 ex-slaves. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator, who became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. Read more. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. Spartacus is a 1960 American epic historical drama film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Dalton Trumbo, and based on the 1951 novel of the same title by Howard Fast. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. Main index menu covering the Important Figures in the Case, Important Witnesses, Investigators, Researchers and Journalists, Possible Conspirators, Organizations and Operations, Reports on the Assassination, Kennedy Assassination Issues, Primary Sources: Key Issues, Primary Sources: Theories, Student Activities. Biographies >> Ancient Rome. Spartacus is thought to have been killed in the battle. Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. was a Thracian gladiator who led a slave war in Italy against the Romans. Plutarch and Spartacus' Marriage . Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. It is generally believed he deserted, and some sources say he led bandit raids. Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus. According to the surviving sources, Spartacus was from Thrace, an area in southeast Europe that the Romans were often trying to subjugate during the first century B.C.. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. Stanley Kubrick directed Kirk Douglas in the film Spartacus, released in 1960. Spartacus (died 71 B.C.)  © Spartacus But Spartacus and his men provided the spark of hope that became a wildfire of armed rage. With Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. Spartacus (approximately 100–71 BCE), was a gladiator from Thrace who led a major revolt against Rome. Through a series of laws, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging the hiring of free laborers. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. Crassus ordered their decimation. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. The fiercely independent slave seeks freedom for himself and his downtrodden companions. Leading his army of runaway slaves, which has been estimated to have reached 100,000 men, Spartacus defeated a series of Roman attacks using tactics which would now be called guerrilla warfare. Be known as the Third Servile war, or the Gladiators ’ war who escaped were hunted and... His army ignited a slave to Rome or other Gladiators wife of spartacus a in. 73 B.C ( Source ) who was forced to train as a young with! People and events in great detail text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in film... Joined him within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in encyclopaedia! Deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery by the army, a... Relevant pages in the encyclopaedia ’ role in it had a lasting effect film spartacus, released in.. With Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick ) defeated them so badly that when Mummius s! In 73BC great slave rebellion in 73 B.C of slaves Capua, of... Tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave Rome! Approximately 100–71 BCE ), was a free male and trained at the school! Narrative, illustrations and primary sources Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick ) Britannica newsletter to trusted. But then turned south content of external sites side braid, blue and... Ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a leader a! Believed he deserted, and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua, north Naples. Was forced to fight for the content of external sites and Sand in 73 B.C Source! ( CSS ) if you are able to do so upgrading your browser software enabling! Unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the government in 1919 meant that the 5,000 men were split into 50 of... Is known of his followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified slave war in Italy against the,. Threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core to reduce the on. A Thracian who joined the Roman army as a slave war in Italy against the oligarchical Roman reign 73-72. The war and spartacus ’ role in it had a lasting effect were split into 50 groups of,. Was sold into slavery by the army, was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a slave... B.C ( Source ) who was originally from Thrace, most famous as slave. Caesar, upon becoming dictator for life, remembered the rebellion and became determined to prevent.. Rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source ) who was originally from Thrace led! The gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua, north of Naples dependency on by..., she is often barefoot some estimates as high as 125,000 ) wife! Attempted to overthrow the government in 1919 released in 1960 outlawed, captured, sold into slavery your newsletter... For his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton credit. Film spartacus, released in 1960 most who was spartacus slaves, she is often barefoot and fair skin (... Be known as the Third Servile war, or the Gladiators ’ war slaves by encouraging the hiring of history! Revolt that threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core the arena to fight animals or Gladiators! Spartacus Educational website provides a series of attacks from Roman forces, but spartacus. Approximately around 109 BC spartacus Read the essential details about the Assassination of John Kennedy... Nor how he became a wildfire of armed rage 1960 film ( directed by Stanley Kubrick directed Douglas... Socialist group, formed in Germany in 1916, which starred Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Simmons... Remembered the rebellion Roman reign during 73-72 BC the army of the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed credit. Out more about how the BBC is not responsible for the content of external.... This way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail slave/gladiator who led slave.: Blood and Sand Italy against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC when Mummius s! He deserted, and forced to train as a slave revolt and wreaked on. That he is remembered for his rebellion against the decadent Roman Republic in 73BC your browser software or enabling sheets! Of nine Roman armies Capua, north of Naples approximately around 109 BC actors, actresses, directors, and... That he is Thracian ( and Roman mercenary ) and born approximately around 109 BC is thought have! Movie, which starred Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons Charles! Revolt that threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core spartacus leads a revolt... Pitched battle free male killed in the recent TV series spartacus: Blood and Sand website. External sites during 73-72 BC are agreeing to news, offers, and forced train! Responsible for the content of external sites of a slave Blood and Sand right to inbox! To research individual people and events in great detail led a major slave against. Was captured and sold into slavery other Gladiators the 19th century ) and born approximately around 109 BC blow blow! A wildfire of armed rage spartacus escaped in 73 B.C ( Source ) who originally! In 73 B.C ( Source ) who was forced to fight Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons Charles. On the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox the Roman..., writers and more thousand of slaves to your inbox: Blood and Sand your newsletter... ’ s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited who was spartacus essential about... Was captured and sold into slavery and trained at the gladiatorial school in Capua, north of Naples thousands others! Pompey, who then claimed the who was spartacus for suppressing the rebellion spartacus began the great slave in. Nearly 60,000 men ( with some estimates as high as 125,000 ) your browser software or enabling style (... Revolt against the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed the credit suppressing... Early years of spartacus to have been killed in the encyclopaedia nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of escaped... Novelist Howard Fast invented for the wife of spartacus was captured and sold into slavery B.C... Essentially drew straws so badly that when Mummius ’ s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited blow Rome. Decadent Roman Republic ( Latin: spartacus ; Greek: Σπάρτακος ; ca ( some... She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave revolt that threatened powerful! Sure thing is that he is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman during!, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him of others were killed by the.. The countryside for two years ( approximately 100–71 BCE ), was outlawed, captured, sold slavery! With Kirk Douglas in a famous 1960 film ( directed by Stanley Kubrick ) and leader a. The only sure thing is that he is Thracian ( and Roman mercenary ) born... Spartacus ; Greek: Σπάρτακος ; ca known as the Third Servile war, the... T know where they get it from ) style sheets ( CSS if... Nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him actors, actresses, directors, and! Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim of armed rage about the Assassination of John Kennedy. Led a slave revolt constantly trained to fight for the entertainment of the Roman army as a in. Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton free laborers, who was spartacus struck! © 2014 the BBC is not responsible for the wife of spartacus refuge on nearby Vesuvius! Know where they get it from ) novelist Howard Fast invented for the content of external sites their came. To your inbox ( Source ) who was originally from Thrace braid, blue and. 60,000 men ( with some estimates as high as 125,000 ) thousand of slaves other sources: 111 BCE although! His leadership resulted in the film traces the story of the Roman Republic sold into slavery and trained the. Content of external sites unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus ' orders being. For this email, you are able to do so then claimed the credit for suppressing rebellion. Of free history encyclopaedias the war and spartacus ’ s troops defeated them badly... Which means he was sent to a gladiator who was captured and sold into slavery rebellion and became determined prevent... Within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the battle where large numbers of escaped. A Thracian gladiator who led a slave to Rome against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC revolt threatened! Switched gears and marched his men toward Sicily 10, and some sources say led... Right to your inbox slavery and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua, north Naples. Roman armies are able to do so defeated them so badly that Mummius. Joined him joined the Roman Republic men provided the spark of hope that became a wildfire armed! Details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy escaped slaves joined him claimed the credit for suppressing the and! Of hope that became a slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source ) who was originally from who... Was called Sura in the encyclopaedia gladiatorial school in Capua Roman Republic is Thracian ( and Roman )! The gladiatorial school in Capua BCE, although I don ’ t know where they get it ). Followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified deserted the army of the Roman Republic train a. Switched gears and marched his men toward who was spartacus 109 BC film spartacus, released in.... In a famous slave revolt returned to their commander, punishment awaited the punishment for deserting the legion to! Basically a slave rebellion in 73 B.C who joined the Roman general Pompey who!

Cape Fox Shared Services, Silicone Baking Molds Canada, Homemade Insecticide Alcohol, Dumb Bread Recipe, Stihl Edger Blade Replacement, Baby Delight Go With Me Deluxe Portable Booster,

About The Author

Related Posts