Definition, Usage and a list of Allusion Examples in common speech and literature. If your entire book is written in metaphors, it’s not only going to be an overkill of flowery language, but it’s probably going to be confusing too. They aren’t flowery, and their simplicity makes them memorable. “Do you like blue?” and “I wish I had a cushion to squash” are examples of consonance. In nonfiction, an epigraph can be a great way to signal to readers, “Hey, Tim Ferriss’ book has informed mine!”. For example, if an Author is writing about sexual harassment in the workplace, they may not want to repeat lewd phrases and could use euphemisms instead. Usi… Start studying Literary Devices with Examples. This is a great way to draw emphasis to a certain portion of text. Because most nonfiction books aren’t chronological (unless it’s a memoir), you probably won’t have many opportunities to use flashbacks. Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is a great example of a text that uses epistrophe: “… that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”. Every Author wants to write a good book. Anaphora is a rhetorical device where you repeat a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses. For example, it’s more colloquial to say, “How’s it going?” instead of “How are you doing?”. Also known as an aphorism. It often works because it’s unexpected and punchy. For example, you might say, “It was a wonderful dinner,” when, in fact, the food was terrible, and your partner showed up an hour late. Denouement, literally "the untying," is the resolution or revelation that follows the climax of a story. Alliteration is a literary device where words are used in quick succession and begin with letters belonging to the same sound group. You probably remember learning about literary devices like personification, foreshadowing, and metaphors in school. Alliteration is the repetition of initial consonant sounds within a group of words. This article defines the most common literary devices, and gives examples of each. Examples; Examples of Literary Terms for Kids Examples of Literary Terms for Kids. But most nonfiction doesn’t need literary devices to be effective. Sarcasm is a good example of verbal irony. Metaphor. setting, character, plot), literary devices are not necessary as part of the text. Check out this list of literary devices to learn more! Slang is also a form of colloquialism. Rhetorical devices and literary devices can both be used to enhance your writing and communication. Figurative language is often more colorful, evocative, or dramatic. For example, if you’re writing a book about sports, you might say, “The client and I saw things so eye-to-eye, it was almost like we had ESPN” (instead of “ESP”). Consonance can help you build sentences and passages that have a nice rhythm. In English, an example of this would be “conceive it, perceive it, believe it, achieve it.” Chiasmus Point of view is the perspective you use to tell your story. Literary devices are especially effective when they’re used sparingly. 2. Chiasmus is a rhetorical device where grammatical constructions or concepts are repeated in reverse order. No matter how professional your audience is, some colloquialism can make your book feel more relatable. Literary devices are various elements and techniques used in writing that construct the whole of your literature to create an intended perception of the writing for the reader. When you force synecdoche, it can sound strange. Preview vocabulary and have students list each device in their notebooks, leaving enough room to define the term and write examples. This is not necessarily the end of a story, but it does represent the conclusion of the story's primary narrative. If you think of your dog as having a “funny personality,” you’re anthropomorphizing him. But they’re not the only ones who benefit—literary devices and techniques can also make the reading experience more fun and fulfilling. Imagine a person saying, “I know how to dance the flamingo,” instead of, “I know how to dance flamenco.”. Below is a list of literary devices with detailed definition and examples. When to use this literary device To slow down the reader or draw atte… Literary Terms: the Best Devices to Enrich Your Writing! Or, “the curtain of night fell.” Night doesn’t have a curtain, but we can all imagine darkness falling like one. Metaphors, also known as direct comparisons, are one of the most common literary devices. Epistrophe is the repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences. For example, “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”, Nonfiction Authors can use alliteration to create catchy chapter or subsection titles. Structure is truly universal in literature. They’re often used to provide important context or backstory for an event you’re discussing. They often incorporate double negatives for effect. It’s a subset of metonymy. Synecdoche is a subset of metonymy.We explore the similarities and differences between the two in more detail below. Think, “Clear communication is key.”. For example, “You won’t be sorry” is the litotes way of saying, “You will be glad.”. Anthropomorphism is when you give human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human creatures or things. Let’s say you’re telling a story about an interaction with a client that didn’t go the way you expected. Literary Devices. Nonfiction Authors have to be careful with hyperbole, though. “Engaging” doesn’t necessarily mean “literary.”. Do you want to run a successful company?”, Who wouldn’t say yes? For example, a businessman is sometimes known as “a suit.”, Or, in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, “lend me your ears,” is a metonymy for “give me your full attention.”, People use metonymy all the time without being conscious of it. Many Authors use euphemisms to vary their language or soften the blow of a difficult concept. For example, if you have “hungry mouths to feed,” you actually need to feed people. Or are you beautiful because I love you?” illustrate? Instead, she uses what are called literary deviceswhich are narrative techniques that add texture, energy, and excitement to the narrative, grip the reader's imagination, and convey information. For example, “I broke my phone, so I have to buy a new one,” instead of “I broke my phone, so I have to buy a new phone.” This kind of anaphora is helpful when you don’t want to sound redundant or repetitive. Being able to spot the literary devices the author is using will help you get a sense of the overall meanings behind the passages you encounter. Epistrophe can be very dramatic, and it’s a great way to draw attention to crucial concepts or words in your book. figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things. Or, an Author who wants to avoid the political controversy around the term “abortion” might opt for “pregnancy termination.”, A colloquialism is a word or phrase that’s not formal or literary. Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part of something stands in for the whole or vice versa. Read this useful list of other common rhetorical devices and boost your rhetoric! A simile is also a figure of speech that compares two different things in an interesting way. Assonance is similar to consonance, except it involves repeating vowel sounds. Instead, they add to the meaning of the text by conveying what the author would like to say in a unique way. Don’t just pick a person that you think readers will recognize. Knowing the difference between alliteration, onomatopoeia, and hyperbole won’t make or break your book. This is usually a subtler kind of echo. Many literary devices, such as … definitions and examples of literary devices. In nonfiction, there are situations where you might want to downplay your judgment. If I say, “He wasn’t a bad singer,” you can probably assume that he was actually a good singer. Your method may be impactful, but it probably isn’t really going to upend the way every single country does things. For example, “They saw how powerful their methods could be.” Sometimes co-authors choose this method to avoid first-person confusion. In nonfiction, readers often want precision, not exaggeration. This is the repetition of the same internal sounds of adjacent or nearby words, and is used for narrative effect. But unlike a metaphor, a simile uses comparison words like “like” or “as.”. Definition Alliteration is when the first sound of a word is repeated several times in succession. For example, if you exaggerate and say, “This method has the potential to revolutionize the world,” that’s hyperbole. Whether it is the consonant sound or a specific vowel group, the alliteration involves creating a repetition of similar sounds in the sentence. Literary Devices Bradbury’s writing style is florid and energetic, giving a sense of urgency and desperation with lengthy sentences containing sub-clauses that crash into each other: “Her face was slender and milk-white , and it was a kind of gentle hunger that touched over everything with a … It was hard to believe that only seven months earlier, I was struggling to keep the few clients I already had.”. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For example, it’s a figure of speech to say that it was “raining cats and dogs” or that something stands “an ice cube’s chance in Hell” of happening. Refine any search. But don’t rely too heavily on epigraphs. For example, an Author might say, “We’re going to talk more about this example later,” or “I’ll discuss this at length in Chapter Three.”, Hyperbole is an exaggeration that’s not meant to be taken literally. Think of “figure of speech” as a kind of catch-all term for any word or phrase that’s used in a non-literal sense to create a dramatic effect. If you say something was “awesome,” unless you literally mean it inspired awe, you’re being colloquial. A lot of the devices we’ve already discussed (e.g., alliteration, oxymoron, and metaphors) also fall into the category of figures of speech. This depends. Foreshadowing is an advance warning about something that’s going to happen in the future. Similes and metaphors are familiar ways to convey complex ideas through language. The English language comprises many literary devices that add richness and life to phrases and expressions. Literary terms are devices used to make writing better. Flashbacksshow the audience or reader events that occurred in the past that have important bearing on the story. As an Author, your goal is to explain how your knowledge can solve a reader’s problems in a clear, concise manner. Irony: The story opens with a description of Mme. Readers like to feel as if they’re talking with the Author. Anachronism is when something happens or is attributed to a different era than when it actually existed. Using similes can make your writing more interesting. More complicated literary devices are a common feature in fiction, but most nonfiction books don’t need them. The same goes for your “stubborn” toaster or “cranky” computer. A euphemism is a polite way of describing something indirectly. 4 Weeks to Measurable Progress, Simple Winter Sanity-Saving Writing Circles (Tuesday & Thursday Meeting Times), Flash Fiction: Writing the Short-Short Story, Writing Circle Workshop: Writing for Happiness, Healing, and Health, From Pitch to Publication: Writing Narrative Journalism, Creative Nonfiction and the Personal Essay, Writing Mindfulness: Sensual World/Poetry Mind, Next-Level Creative Nonfiction: Elevating Essays, Memoir, Travel Writing & Literary Journalism, Essentials of Character Development: How to Create Characters that Move and Breathe and Can't Stop Talking, Plan On It: Essential Novel Planning Workshop, “Idea” represented by a light bulb switching on, I’ve been waiting a billion years for this, Referring to a kind stranger as a Good Samaritan, Describing an ideal place as Edenic, or the Garden of Eden, Saying someone “turned the other cheek” when they were passive in the face of adversity, When something is described as lasting “40 days and 40 nights,” in reference to the flood of Noah’s Ark, People carefully massaging their image and sharing that image widely. 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