Indeed, the two arts are closely related. Because calligraphy is considered supreme among the visual arts in China, it sets the standard by which Chinese painting is judged. The earliest examples of Chinese are divinatory inscriptions on oracle bones from around 1250 BC, in the late Shang dynasty. There is no current evidence that indicates at what point ancient Chinese separated itself from the language family, but there is very little doubt that the language draws heavily from Sino-Tibetan. The name 'China' comes from the Sanskrit Cina (derived from the name of the Chinese Qin Dynasty, pronounced 'Chin') which was translated as 'Cin' by the Persians and seems to have become popularized through trade along the Silk Road from China to the rest of the world.. Concurrently, the early toilet papers are with bamboo mixed with cotton. 21) More people speak Mandarin, a Chinese Dialect, as their first language than any other language in the world. The Chinese language, spoken in the form of Standard Mandarin, is the official language in the largest part of mainland China and Taiwan, one of the four in Singapore, and an official idiom of the United Nations. In ancient China, the process of making silk was a closely guarded secret, and revealing it was punishable by the death. However, only emperors use toilet papers in the old times. The linguists consider them as a different language family, while the native people consider them as dialects of a single Chinese. Taoism believes in nature’s balance of forces called Yin and Yang. With that in mind, here are ten facts about the Chinese language (languages, really) for World Chinese Language Day. Ancient Chinese ideology and history were shaped by three major philosophies and religions, Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. Old Mandarin: the language of the Miny dynasty dictionary, the Hongwu Zheyun. The Chinese language is monosyllabic. Rather, the Chinese spoke many different languages and dialects that developed organically over the course of several millennia. The Chinese language is the oldest written language in the world with at least six thousand years of history. It’s unclear how or when the secret was lost. Ancient historical texts have provided some proof of the possible existence of the Xia Dynasty that existed even before the Shang Dynasty of 1700-1046BC. The Last Emperor of China, Puyi, became ruler when he was only 3 years old. The food is placed at the centre of the table and people sit around it with their rice bowls in hand. With China being one of the earliest ancient civilizations, Chinese culture exerts profound influence on the philosophy, virtue, etiquette, and traditions of Asia to date. It remained a secret for thousands of years, despite the fact that it became widely exported. Chinese civilization is truly ancient, as is its writing system. Thus, Classical Chinese is understood here merely as one particular stage of Ancient Chinese, one variety (or a subset of varieties) of the language spoken in China in the Eastern Zhou period, and it is represented by one section as consequence. Traditional Chinese foods are usually shared communally i.e. Lesson Summary. Ancient Chinese writing evolved from the practice of divination during the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BCE). Ancient Chinese: the language of the seventh century AD rhyme dictionary, the Qieyun. The function of this kind of school was to cultivate talented people, to encourage a devotion to learning, as well as to spread culture. It was born roughly in Tang Dynasty and thrived in Song Dynasty and popularized in Ming and throughout Qing Dynasties. Ban Po was occupied c. 4500-3750 BCE and was discovered by workmen digging a foundation for a factory in … Actually there are several varieties of Chinese languages. Ancient China produced what has become the oldest extant culture in the world. The sophisticated Chinese civilization was rich in the Arts and Sciences, elaborate Painting and Printing techniques and delicate pottery and sculpture. However, it was transmitted to Japan around 300AD, brought there by four Chinese girls according to one legend. Ancient Chinese Culture is older than 5000 years. China is one of the world's oldest civilizations, dating back thousands of years with its continuous history. It was the most advanced civilization the world had ever seen. Mandarin, Hakka, Cantonese, Wu, Min, Gan, and Xiang are the Chinese language. Image credit: Emily2k/Shutterstock.com Standard Chinese is the official language in mainland China, as well as in Taiwan, and is also known as Standard Mandarin or Modern Standard Mandarin. Chinese emperors called themselves dragons' sons, born with power to rule the country. 22) China is home to a cluster of ancient rock pillars called the Stone Forest. Nonetheless, the Mandarin Chinese spoken today is very different from the Chinese spoken in ancient China, and it is mutually unintelligible with many other Chinese dialects spoken in the vast territories of the People’s Republic of China. The Earliest Ancient Writings. Here are some interesting facts about ancient Chinese food that you may not have known. A short history. But, because they share a common history and a good deal of common vocabulary and grammar, it is … 3.1 Language and Writing. Chinese character inscriptions have been found in turtle shells dating back to the Shang dynasty 1 (1766-1123 BC) proving the written language has existed for more than 3,000 years. Ancient Chinese Languages. The Chinese language is revered as one of the oldest and most profound surviving languages in the world. Chinese cultural history has enormous diversity and variety. Food shared Lazy Susan style. Mandarin Chinese, the most common Chinese dialect, is the most widely spoken language in the world. National Language of China: Standard Chinese Ancient chinese characters carved in stone stamper. There are over 800 million native Mandarin speakers. China Ancient Academy also called Shu Yuan is Chinese unique ancient education institution. The Romans and the Greeks knew the country … In 1953, men digging out the foundation for a factory in a Chinese village came across an amazing discovery. Facts about Ancient China 7: Language. Chinese itself is not a single language, but a language family like the Romance language family to which French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, and Swiss Romansch belong. Some scholars divide the history of the Chinese languages into Proto-Sinitic (Proto-Chinese; until 500 bc), Archaic (Old) Chinese (8th to 3rd century bc), Ancient (Middle) Chinese (through ad 907), and Modern Chinese (from c. the 10th century to modern times). Few present-day Chinese linguists would agree with this periodicization in all its details. In fact, the history of the Chinese language can be classified into the following stages: Archaic Chinese (14th to 11th centuries BC): the language of oracular inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells. These extensive symbolic representations were then simplified by minimalist used of lines which were different from the original script but still bore a … Yellow river is also known as Huang He. From the time China became a nation state in 221 B.C. Both creatures are auspicious in Chinese culture. China language mapMost linguists classify all of the variations of Chinese as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family and believe that there was an original language similar to Proto Indo-European from which the Sinitic and Tibeto-Burman languages descended. Fun Facts about Ancient China. Mandarin is the official language of China. Some theories suggest that images and markings on pottery shards found at Ban Po Village are evidence of an early writing system but this claim has been challenged repeatedly. Ironically (considering China’s lax approach to Tibetan language education), Chinese forms a part of what is known as the Sino-Tibetan language family. Around 16 percent of the whole population in the world speaks Chinese. The ancient texts of Japan have lent to studying the diachronic sound changes in the spoken language. The Yangtze River is considered to be the 'cradle' of Chinese civilization. in the Lazy Susan style. Like the Romance languages, the Chinese languages are mutually unintelligible (that is what makes them different languages). The most amazing discovery about Old Japanese lies in its vowel phoneme system. Facts about Ancient China 8: Yellow River and the Yangtze River. Middle Chinese was the language used during the Sui, Tang and Song dynasties (6th through 10th centuries AD). These were conquered by the king of the state of Qin, who became the First Emperor in 221 BCE. Around the world, one out of five people speaks the language. 23) China’s Leshan Giant Buddha, a gigantic stone statue, has 5.5-m-long eyebrows! It is the sixth longest river in the world. Chinese is certainly a language with ancient origins. Now that’s one for unexpected China facts. Founded during the Zhou dynasty, Taoism was proposed by Lao-Tzu. 1. Chinese civilization is historically considered the dominant culture of East Asia. Chinese calligraphy, the stylized artistic writing of Chinese characters, the written form of Chinese that unites the languages (many mutually unintelligible) spoken in China. After inventing the printing press, the most popular type of booklet was Buddhist sayings and prayers. Thus, the third longest river in the world is the Yangtze river. Ancient Chinese Languages was more of a symbolic representation just like its Egyptian counterpart. Facts about Chinese Language tell you about the first language spoken by the Chinese people. The Chinese have used chopsticks to eat with for over 4,000 years. Old Chinese, also called Archaic Chinese in older works, is the oldest attested stage of Chinese, and the ancestor of all modern varieties of Chinese. The antithesis of the dragon is the phoenix, representing feminine power. The ancient Chinese used toilet papers before the rest of the world. From the inscriptions on oracle bones in the Shang Dynasty, it is concluded that the formation of Chinese characters has a history of more than 3,000 years. In ancient China, emperors used eunuchs as servants, as many concubines lived in the palaces. Image Credit: kelocity. Ancient Chinese script. They believe that all opposing forces such as dark and light, and male and female are always balance. until the end of China’s last imperial dynasty in 1912, China did not have a single national language. Ancient Chinese is simply defined as “the language of the writings of the past” (Wang 1979:1). Ancient China was one of the most amazing civilizations in history. Its development can be divided into two major periods: from inscriptions on oracle bones to mini-seal … Middle Chinese. The Chinese people became unified as one kingdom, which lasted for about 2,000 years. Middle Chinese: the language of the Song dynasty rhyme tables. 6. This style of eating is followed even today. About 1.3 billion people (one-fifth of the world) speak some form of Chinese, making it the language with the most native speakers. It consists of 450 syllables, approximately, in turn, there are more than 1200 words due to the different intonation with which they are pronounced. Chinese architectural traditions were much respected all over the world. 24) China’s giant pandas are … The Chinese have enjoyed a written language for more than 3,000 years. Chinese people speak mandarin (Putong Hua, Hanyu, Huayu, Guoyu, standard Chinese) which is based on Beijing Dialect. It is spoken by 1.2 billion people. Chinese Language Facts. In the 5th century BCE it was made up of several rival kingdoms. 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